《思培考试中如何理解“名词性从句”》(下)

思培考试总体难度不高,这一点也体现在阅读中对于语法的要求。但是仍然有一些基础不是特别扎实的同学还是有一些语法上的问题,导致做阅读理解的时候有些吃力。

本期接着上一期未完部分继续介绍名词性从句的用法以及练习。


- what

ü There is a danger, though, that if the individual is ever lucky enough to find what they’re looking for, rather than celebrating their success, they may feel empty, now that the goal that drove them on has gone.

ü Or collectors might be inspired to study how dolls reflect notions of what children like, or ought to like..


- whatever

ü Milgram told the teacher-subject to ignore the reactions of the pupil, and to administer whatever level of shock was called for, as per the rule governing the experimental situation of the moment.

需要注意的是,whatever除了可以引导名词性从句,还可以做状语,例如

An important principle is that all corpora, whatever their size, are inevitably limited in their coverage, and always need to be supplemented by data derived from the intuitions of native speakers of the language, through either introspection or experimentation.


- who/whoever

ü The boy with the red shirt is who I want on my team.

ü Whoever cleaned the house deserves a thank you.

ü Be sure to send whoever interviewed you a thank-you note.

whoever和whatever一样,也可以引导状语

ü Whoever stole the painting, the police will catch the thief in no time.


- which/whichever

ü I must decide which English course to take.

ü Whichever restaurant you pick is fine with me.

whichever引导状语

ü Whichever element is emphasized in preaching, the preacher is one who believes himself to be the ambassador of God, charged with a message which it is his duty to deliver.


- when

ü I don't know when we're going.

when可以引导名词性从句,而更多的时候,when是引导状语从句和定语从句。

when引导状语从句表示时间:

ü Their powers to vote down executive Remuneration policies increased when binding votes came into force.

when引导定语从句:

ü She remembered the day when Peter had first arrived.


- how

ü The focus of our work is how we can satisfy customers most effectively.


- why

ü That’s why she insisted she is not stunned by this, even if the Ramblers were seeded 11th in their region.


- why除了引导名词性从句,也可以引导定语从句:

ü That issue -- trust -- is another reason why a quick response from the CEO is essential.


- 名词性从句翻译练习

1. 我知道Peter明天要去做什么。

2. 你刚才对于中美贸易战的分析是非常有见地的。

3. 我们还不确定明天几点中出发。

4. 他表现的好像很无辜。

5. Nancy一直都不相信Peter已经结婚了。

6. 大家都看不出来那个魔术师是如何逃出那个密闭空间的。


小结:

名词性从句,较于定语从句和状语从句而言,相对来说对于大家来说没有那么熟悉,而且更难掌握,在句子中的理解难度也较大,因此,需要大家对于名词性从句有一个整体认识,然后再练习过程中加以注意。以后在遇到名词性从句的时候,就能够从容应对。另外名词性从句在思培的写作中,也可以适当使用,也能够对考官的评分有很积极的影响。



——- 第一思培原创,请勿转载

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